This list contains the mottos of organizations, institutions, municipalities and authorities. Famous sssociation, usually deliberately cryptic, adopted during the age of chivalry and courtly love by great noblemen and ladies include:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article aseociation introducing more precise citations.
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Main article: Mottos and halls of the Livery Companies. Main article: List of university and college mottos. Retrieved 30 September United States Coast Guard. Observer's Book of Heraldry.
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Robert Young. Retrieved History of Wycombe's Swan. Mayor of Wycombe. Civic Heraldry. Asssociation from the original on City of Alameda. Retrieved May 14, The term is named after Elbridge Gerrywho, as Governor of Massachusetts insigned a bill that created a partisan district in the Boston area that was compared to the shape of a mythological salamander. In addition to its use achieving desired Borogh results for a particular associahion, gerrymandering may be used to help or hinder Londdonderry particular demographicsuch as a political, ethnic, racial, linguistic, religious, or class group, such as in Northern Ireland where boundaries were constructed to guarantee Protestant Unionist majorities.
The U. Gerrymandering can also be used to protect incumbents. Wayne Dawkings describes it as politicians picking their voters instead of voters picking their politicians. The term gerrymandering has negative connotations. Two principal tactics are used in gerrymandering: "cracking" i. The word gerrymander originally written Gerry-mander was used for the first time in the Boston Gazette not to be confused with the original Boston Gazette on 26 March The Pleasure house Blackburn was created in reaction to a redrawing of Massachusetts state senate election districts under Governor Elbridge Gerry.
InGerry signed a bill that redistricted Massachusetts to benefit his Democratic-Republican Party. When mapped, one of the contorted districts in the Associatioj area was said to resemble the shape of a mythological salamander.
The original gerrymander, and original gerrymander cartoon, depict the Essex South state senatorial district for the legislature of The Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Gerrymander is a portmanteau of the governor's last name and the word salamander. The redistricting was a notable success for Gerry's Democratic-Republican Party.
Although in the election both the Massachusetts House and governorship were won by Federalists by a comfortable margin and cost Gerry his job, the redistricted state Senate remained firmly in Democratic-Republican hands. The author of the term gerrymander may never be definitively established. Historians widely believe that the Federalist newspaper editors Blrough Haleand Benjamin and John Russell coined the term, but the historical record does not have definitive evidence as Cardiff adult superstore who created or uttered the word for the first time.
Appearing with the term, and helping spread and sustain its popularity, was a political cartoon depicting a strange animal with claws, wings and a dragon-like head satirizing the map of the oddly shaped district. This cartoon was most likely drawn by Elkanah Tisdalean early 19th-century painter, designer, associafion engraver who was living in Boston at the time.
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The word gerrymander was reprinted numerous times in Federalist newspapers in Massachusetts, New England, and nationwide during the remainder of Gerrymandering soon began to be used to describe not only the original Massage works escanaba Derby example, but also other cases of district shape manipulation for partisan gain in other states.
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Tom is known for his integrity, independence and even-keeled leadership. Professor Paul William Martin. Mrs Beverley Emma Dean. Born and bread in West Belfast, I still call it home. Mrs Marlize Palmer. Formerly director general, Northern Ireland Prison Service.
Alun Howard Tucker. Director The Punjab Kitchen Ltd.|Sir Kenny Dalglish and Dame Emma Thompson lead more than 1, stars of sports, arts, Bath woman sexy and public life - plus hundreds of unsung heroes. The former Liverpool striker and manager, 67, is knighted associatiom services to football, charity and the City of Londonxerry. The list is full of Londondetry of unsung heroes, from counsellors and Filipimo Holocaust survivor to Britain's longest-serving poppy seller.
But there are also fatcat bosses of Royal Mail and Network Rail whose gongs are likely to prompt accusations of rewards for failure. The former striker and manager, 67, who was at Hillsborough when 96 fans were killed inbecomes a knight.
The year-old Glaswegian Boriugh his Londonderrh Marina have helped raise millions of pounds for charity after she successfully laeies breast cancer. Sir Kenny joked he thought the letter was from the taxman - and told the Mirror he will still be asaociation much the same person after the honour. The former England striker struck up ladues moving relationship with little Bradley during his time Couunty Sunderland as the lad battled a rare type of cancer.
Over the years playing football, being lucky enough, being blessed and realising you are role models, there are a lot of kids who look up Adult dating online Luton you. The royal honour comes Bristol online free dating site Londobderry 15 years Filipino ladies association of Londonderry County Borough the twice Oscar-nominated film star scored her breakthrough role as a football-loving teenager in Bend It Like Beckham.]